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Standardized Questionnaires of Walking & Bicycling Database

Picture of people walking.
Photographer: Bill Branson

Picture of people biking.
Photographer: Linda Bartlett

This database contains questionnaire items and a list of validation studies for standardized items concerning walking and biking from multiple national and international physical activity questionnaires (PAQs). The purpose of this database is to provide easy access to a large number of items assessing duration and frequency of walking and bicycling in the non-disabled adult population. We also briefly review the results of validation studies identified for some of the PAQs.

  • A total of 113 PAQs were identified from large questionnaires, government surveys/questionnaires or epidemiological studies. They included walking and biking items from published and printed PAQs or PAQs from agency Web sites.
  • A total of 83 validation studies, related to these PAQs, were compiled with information on author, date of questionnaire, methods, sampling, and summary results.

Summary of the Methods

Relevant questionnaires were identified through a combination of PubMed searches for keywords, snowball techniques, and consultation with experts to identify relevant questionnaires by name. We then used a combination of bibliographic tools and author contacts to find validation studies. This compilation is not based on a formal meta-analytic review; it is intended to be a robust sample of major instruments.

Contact Information

If you have questions regarding this database, please contact:

David Berrigan, PhD, MPH

Applied Research Program
Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute
9609 Medical Center Drive, MSC 9762
Bethesda, MD 20892

Telephone: 240-276-6710

Last Modified: 11 Apr 2014